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Monday, June 1, 2009

Worl Best GUN Of Pakistan ( G3 )

H&K G3


HK G3A3


The G3 (which stands for “Gewehr 3″ = “Rifle #3″) is a family of select fire assault rifles manufactured by Heckler & Koch. It was adopted as the standard service rifle by the Bundeswehr in 1959, as well as several other countries to varying degrees. The G3 was chambered for the 7.62 × 51 mm NATO cartridge.



History


H&K G3


In the end of WWII engineers at Mauser Werke had been developing a selective fire assault rifle known as the StG.45(M) — (M = Mauser and 45 indicated the year 1945, the year production was intended to start). Only a few prototypes were available by then, and serious development did not continue until about 1950. In 1950 the Spanish Army made a requirement for a modern rifle with selective fire capabilites.


H&K G3



Development began at the “Centro de Estudios Tecnicos de Materiales Especiales” (CETME). CETME consisted of an assembled team of Spanish and German weapon designers. Amongst them Ludwig Vorgrimmler — generally recognized as the inventor of the delayed roller locking system. The breech mechanism of the StG.45 (M) was used as the basis for the new design and prototypes of the new rifle were available for firing by 1952.


H&K G3


In 1954, the 7.62mm x 51 cartridge was accepted as the new NATO standard. Both the CETME and other rifles such as the FN FAL was altered to accept the new cartridge. When Germany intended to adopt a new Assault Rifle they preferred the FN FAL and adopted it in 1956 under the designation G1. The Germans tried to buy the rights for license manufacturing but FN Herstal rejected the deal. Instead they turned to Heckler & Koch (through the Dutch NWM) that had initiated a cooperation with CETME. After about five years of further development, the West German Army adopted the new rifle in 1959 and gave it its new name — Gewehr 3 (G3).



H&K G3


Copies of the G3 issued to soldiers/guards in West Berlin (during the cold war) were stamped with MAS to avoid infringing agreement with the Soviet Union.


H&K G3


The G3 is today regarded as the “grandfather” of many famous following weapon systems such as the HK PSG1 and the HK MP5.


Description and Specifications


The G3 is built using as many stamped parts as possible. The receiver is stamped from sheet steel. The trigger unit housing along with pistol handle frame, also are stamped from steel and hinged to the receiver using the cross-pin in the front of the trigger unit, just behind the magazine housing. Earliest G3 rifles also featured stamped handguards and CETME-type flip-up rear diopter sights.



In the mid-1960s the initial design was upgraded to the G3A3 and G3A4 configurations. These rifles had ventilated plastic handguards and a drum-type rear diopter sights, marked from 100 to 400 meters. The G3A3 was a fixed butt version, with buttstock made from plastic, and the G3A4 was a telescope butt version, with retractable metallic buttstock with rubber buttplate. Late German production G3A3 and G3A4 models were built using new trigger units, integral with restyled pistol grip and triggerguard, made from plastic.


The shortest version of the G3 was the G3KA4, similar to G3A4 but with shortened barrel. Every G3 rifle can be equipped with detachable bipods, claw-type detachable scope mounts. Long-barreled versions can be fitted with bayonet or used to launch rifle grenades from the barrel. Folding cocking handle is located on the special tube above the barrel, at the left side, and does not reciprocate when gun is fired. The safety / fire selector is located above the triggerguard on the left side of the trigger group housing and usually is marked “S-E-F” (safe “Sicher” - single shots “Einzelfeuer” - full auto “FeuerstoƟ”). Latest models could have selectors marked with colored icons.


H&K G3



  • Caliber: 7.62 mm / .308 in

  • Cartridge: 7.62 × 51 mm NATO

  • Weight: 9.7 lb / 4.41 kg empty

  • Effective range: 546 yd / 500 m


  • In service: 1958 – 1997 (Germany) | 1958 – present (some other countries)

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Best GUN oF Iran !!!

7.62 mm MACHIN GUN



The
MGA3 is an open fully automatic weapon for sustained firing or firing
in bursts. It can be employed by all arms of services, army, navy, air
force for combating point and area targets.The weapon may be used as
standard machine gun for different purposes, when employed with the
bipod it is designated as a light machine gun (LMG). When used with
mount is designated

Tripod as a heavy machine gun (HMG). special mountings are available
for installation on vehicles, armoured vehicles & aircrafts.




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USA BEST GUN M 16 !!!











The RAP4 T68 M4 Military marker is designed for combat training. Designed for reliability and durability, with rugged features like all-metal construction, the RAP4 T68 M4 Military is perfect for room clearing and building entry training, as well as teaching CQB marksmanship and firearm safety. The RAP4 T68 M4 Military is fabricated with weight, width, length, and ergonomics comparable to authentic M16/M4 style assault rifles, and the pistol grip is identical to that on an M4. This gives operators a true-to-life feel, as if they are training with their duty gear.








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History of Guns, Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fouz)

History of Guns, Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fouz)


The 1st Division was lightly armed. Each battalion was composed of five Companies of infantry. The individual companies were armed with six antitank rifles, six Bren guns and six Vickers machine guns. Some NCOs carried hand grenades, while men going forward on duty were issued British stocks of hand grenades by senior officer of the Bahadur groups attached to each unit. Mortars were available, but Fay points out these were not available at battalion level.


(source: Fay, Peter W. (1993), The Forgotten Army: India’s Armed Struggle for Independence, 1942-1945., Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press., ISBN 0472083422.)



Polish Kb ppanc wz.35 7.92 mm anti-tank rifle used by the Polish Army in defense of Poland (September 1939).


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d5/Bren1.jpg
Early Mark Bren LMG, photo from a Canadian factory



Type Light machine gun
Place of origin Czechoslovakia, United Kingdom
In service 1938-1958 (Until 1991 as L4)
Wars World War II, Korean War, Suez Crisis, Falklands War, Anti-guerilla operations in Indonesia, Gulf war, Northern Ireland, Mau Mau Uprising, 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Sino-Indian War, Indo-Pakistan Wars


http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c9/Vickers_IWW.jpg


Vickers machine gun
Type Medium machine gun
Place of origin Flag of the United Kingdom
In service 1912–1968
Wars World War I, World War II, Korean War
Designed 1912
Manufacturer Vickers Produced
Produced 1912–1968

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Iraq Refugee Emergency !!!

The Continuing Needs of Iraq's Displaced.



A child in Jordan's Ruwaished camp.


UNHCR/P.Sands



Iraqi refugees throughout the region have become increasingly desperate. Despite a decline in violence in the second half of 2007, only a small number have gone home. Of those who returned to Iraq, many found their property occupied and suffered new displacement.


UNHCR estimates more than 4.7 million Iraqis left have left their homes, many in dire need of humanitarian care. Of these, more than 2.7 million Iraqis are displaced internally, while more than 2 million have fled to neighboring states, particularly Syria and Jordan.


More than 1.5 million Iraqis have fled their homes for other areas in in side Iraq since early 2006, and the displacement presents an enormous humanitarian challenge for both the displaced and the Iraqi families trying to help them in host communities.



Since the beginning of 2007, the UN Refugee Agency has expanded its operations in the in the region. UNHCR has registered more than 300,000 Iraqis in countries neighboring Iraq, 15 percent of who are in need of special assistance, including victims of torture.


Between security concerns and the general lack of resources, the massive internal displacement has led to a growing number of impoverished shantytowns without proper access to clean water and food.



UNHCR is working to address the needs of those displaced through the construction of schools, clinics and community centers, and through providing counseling and special care for the most vulnerable.


Your immediate support can provide emergency aid
to these innocent men, women and children escaping violence and persecution.


The number of Iraqis fleeing to neighboring countries also remains high. According to government figures, some 1.2 million Iraqis are now displaced in Syria, up to 500,000 in Jordan, 50,000 in Egypt and some 50,000 in Lebanon.


To assist Iraqi refugee families, UNHCR is appealing for support to provide essential medical, health, food and individual assistance to the most vulnerable inside and outside the country.



Please join our campaign to protect and assist Iraqi refugees .

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Pakistan Emergency !!!

Nearly one million men, women, and children forced to flee violence.


A young displaced girl carries a mat back to her tent. UNHCR/ M. Pearson

As the number of men, women and children uprooted this month by the current conflict in north-west Pakistan neared 1 million, the UN Refugee Agency stated that it is "absolutely essential" that the international community mount an immediate and massive humanitarian response.

"Many are fleeing with nothing. It will not be possible to meet their needs without massive and rapid help from the international community. And if that help doesn't come, it will be a humanitarian disaster,” said the High Commissioner Antonio Guterres.



The UN Refugee Agency has been quick to responds the crisis, but the unfolding emergency requires a quick response by donors. Tents, sleeping mats, and blankets are desperately needed to shelter those innocents whose homes and possessions have been destroyed by war.



The almost 1 million displaced people so far registered this month by authorities and UNHCR are in addition to another 550,000 uprooted people who have fled fighting since last August. According to the latest figures, 987,140 people have been registered from the current influx, including 907,298 outside camps and 79,842 in camps.


According to Guterres "Most of [the displaced] are currently depending on relatives and friends for help and are not in camps, thus creating huge social and economic pressures. But if these people - both the displaced and the many Pakistanis trying to help them - do not receive rapid international support, I fear there is a very real possibility of further destabilization."



The High Commissioner said Pakistan's long history of generosity to some 5 million Afghan refugees deserved recognition and it was "high time the international community" responded to help Pakistanis now facing displacement themselves.


The UN Refugee Agency has been fast to respond to the humanitarian crisis in north-west Pakistan. UNHCR has been providing shelter and distributing aid as part of a united UN response.


On Tuesday May 12, UNHCR airlifted 120 tons of additional relief supplies from its regional stockpile in Dubai. The chartered aircraft carried 10,000 mosquito nets, 14,000 plastic sheets for emergency shelters, 1,500 plastic rolls to build walls and privacy screens in camps, and two portable warehouses.

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What is a refugee?

Who is a refugee? A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war, or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. Most likely, they cannot return home or is afraid to do so. War and ethnic, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees fleeing their countries.



UNHCR / B. Neeleman

Who is an IDP?
An internally displaced person (IDP) is a person who has been forced to flee his or her home for the same reason as a refugee, but remains in his or her own country and has not crossed an international border. Unlike refugees, IDPs are not protected by international law or eligible to receive many types of aid. As the nature of war has changed in the last few decades, with more and more internal conflicts replacing wars among countries, the number of IDPs has increased significantly.



Who is a returnee? A returnee is a refugee who has returned to his or her home country. The majority of refugees prefer to return home as soon as it is safe to do so, after a conflict and the country is being rebuilt. UNHCR encourages voluntary repatriation, or return, as the best solution for displaced people. The agency often provides transportation and other assistance, such as money, tools and seeds. Occasionally, UNHCR helps rebuild homes, schools and roads.



Who is a stateless person? A stateless person is someone who is not a citizen of any country. Citizenship is the legal bond between a government and an individual, and allows for certain political, economic, social and other rights of the individual, as well as the responsibilities of both government and citizen. A person can become stateless due to a variety of reasons, including sovereign, legal, technical or administrative decisions or oversights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights underlines that “Everyone has the right to a nationality.”




Who is an asylum seeker? When people flee their own country and seek sanctuary in another country, they apply for asylum – the right to be recognized as a refugee and receive legal protection and material assistance. An asylum seeker must demonstrate that his or her fear of persecution in his or her home country is well-founded.



What is the difference between a refugee and an economic migrant? An economic migrant normally leaves a country voluntarily to seek a better life. Should he or she decide to return home, they would continue to receive the protection of his or her government. Refugees flee because of the threat of persecution and cannot return safely to their homes.



What is the 1951 Refugee Convention? The 1951 Geneva Convention is the main international instrument of refugee law. The Convention clearly spells out who a refugee is and the kind of legal protection, other assistance and social rights he or she should receive from the countries who have signed the document. The Convention also defines a refugee’s obligations to host governments and certain categories or people, such as war criminals, who do not qualify for refugee status. The Convention was limited to protecting mainly European refugees in the aftermath of World War II, but another document, the 1967 Protocol, expanded the scope of the Convention as the problem of displacement spread around the world.

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Karachi City Is Not So Bad !!!

As You Think... Want To See the Beauty Of Karachi. Just See the Pics Below....

Faisal Bank.
Qayoomabad Fly Over


KPT Bridge or Netti Jetti

Clifton Beach

DHA Khayaban E Raahat

Aga Khan Hospital

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Aazadi Fountain the Longest Fountain !!

Temple in Bin Qasim Park

Aazadi Fountain


Aazadi Fountain the Longest Fountain



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Beauty Of Karachi !!!

View Of Mazar E Quaid

Sohrab Goth Fly Over

Underpass
Sohrab Goth Fly Over
Nazimabad Underpass

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Project of Barrages in Pakistan:

Federal-B-Area, Karachi: The Best Planned Localities of Pakistan


This is the fourth part of our series on best planned neighborhoods of Pakistan. We have so far covered Eight bazaars of Faisalabad, North Nazimabad, Karachi and Model Town, Lahore in this series. Today we are going back to Karachi and will give you an introduction of Federal-B-Area which is definitely among the best planned localities of Pakistan.

The town planning of Federal-B-Area dates back to 1950s when Karachi was still the capital of Pakistan and many new neighborhoods were getting built up to house the employees of the Federal Governemnt. The present day neighborhoods of North Nazimabad, Federal Capital (FC) Area and Federal-B-Area were all part of this vision to give Karachi a well planned capital city infrastructure. While North Nazimabad was laid out by Italian town planners, I am unable to research who did the planning for Federal-B-Area. Reader’s help is sought here.



Guddu Barrage.


RE-DECKING OF JINNAH BARRAGE OVER INDUS RIVER.

PROJECT DETAILS

Finish: December 1996
Client: Punjab Provincial Highway Division
Contractor: Ghulam Rasool & Company (Pvt) Ltd.
Project Value: PKR 24 Million (US$ 1.0 Million)

GALLERY



kotri barrage

Section of the Sukkur Barrage irrigation project, on the Indus River, Pakistan.



Taunsa Barrage Rehabilitation and Moderanization

Client Name & Owner: Project Management Office (PMO), Irrigation & Power Department (I&P)
Location: Pakistan
Description of Works: Civil works for rehabilitation of irrigation barrage:
  • Construction of subsidiary weir at downstream.
  • Grouting of Joints of Mass Concrete, removal of existing shattered skin and laying of about 3 ft. thick concrete overlay with nominal reinforcement.
  • Construction of Silt Excluder in the right pocket of barrage.
  • Raising of crest of Head Regulator of D.G Khan canal.
  • Provision of filter and pressure release pipes.
Man-hours: 6.5 million
Peak manpower : 1200
Completion : May 2007

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Lake & Dames In Pakistan !!!






Rawal Lake

This glistening man-made lake covers an area of 8.8 sq. km. The terraced garden and the lake are ideal for picnic, fishing and boating. The highest point in the garden commands a panoramic view of the lake, Margallah and Murree hills, Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The PTDC Jaltarang Restaurant offers snack bar facilities for visitors.



Khanpur Lake

This beautiful lake/dam is 48 km from Islamabad, on Taxila-Haripur Road. It is an ideal place for day trip/picnic, boating, angling and watching migratory birds during winter.


Simli Lake

About 30 km from Islamabad lies Simli Lake and the Dam. It can be reached via Lehtrar road or via Bhara Kahu. It is fed by the melting snow and natural springs of Murree hills. The water stored in the lake is supplied to Islamabad for drinking purposes. Angling and boating is also allowed in the lake. The Capital Development Authority (CDA) has a Rest House at the Dam, which can be booked through its Head Office in Islamabad.


Misriot Dam
Misriot dam is located 12 km south-west of Rawalpindi. This small dam has an artificial lake with boating and fishing facilities. Fishing permit may be obtained from fishing guard at Misriot. It has a pleasant landscape and walkways beyond the lake among eruptions of black rocks.


Tanaza Dam
It is a small dam located at about 35 Km south-west of Rawalpindi on Dhamial Road. Ideal for a day trip, the lake has a quiet atmosphere.


Tarbela Dam

The world's largest earth-filled dam on one of the world's most important rivers - the Indus - is 103 km from Rawalpindi. The dam was completed in 1976 at a cost of Rs.18.5 billion. Over 15,000 Pakistani and 800 foreign workers and engineers worked during its construction. It is the biggest hydel power station in Pakistan having a capacity of generating 3,478 MW of electricity. Its reservoir is 97 km long with a depth of 137 meters while total area of the lake is 260 sq.km. Permits are required for visiting the Dam. Please contact Public Relations Officer (PRO), Water and Power Development Authority (WAPDA), Tarbela (Tel: 051-568941-2). A No-Objection Certificate (NOC) from the Ministry of Interior (Shaheed-e-Millat Sectt.), Islamabad is also required for foreign visitors.



Mangla Dam

World's third largest earth-filled dam is only 115 km south-east of Rawalpindi. One has to turn left from Dina Town and the dam on river Jhelum is about 14 km to the east. The dam is 3,353 meters long and 116 meters high above the river bed. It is designed to store 5.88 MAF water and also used for power generation. In the centre of the dam there is a Gakkhar Fort from where one can have a panoramic view of the lake. For permit to visit the dam, please contact PRO, WAPDA, Mangla. A NOC from the Ministry of Interior is required for foreigners only.


Kallar Kahar Lake

The main attraction of the eastern Salt Range are the shrine of Saidan Shah at Choa Saidan Shah, the lake and shrine of Abdul Qadir Gilani at Kallar Kahar and the Hindu Temple Complex at Katas. Kallar Kahar is located about 135 km from Rawalpindi. The TDCP has built a six-room motel and restaurant overlooking Kallar Kahar (Salt Lake) with boating facilities. The Temple of Shiva at Katas (10th century AD) and other temples around Katas are valuable pieces of architecture and history.


Warsak Dam

The gignatic multi-purpose Warsak Dam is situated 30 kms north-west of Peshawar in the heart of tribal territory. It has a total generating capacity of 240,000 kw and will eventually serve to irrigate 110,000 acres of land.


Rama Lake one of the most picturesque spots, nine kilometers away from the beautiful valley of Astore in Northern Area is Rama Lake. Apart from being a beautiful destination, the Alpine Forest around it imparts a pleasant atmosphere. The area has many Trekkers/Hikers routes and some of them are ideal for Jeep Safaris.


PTDC’s newly constructed Motel at Rama Lake is a welcome addition as an important tourist resort. By virtue of its peculiar location it can conveniently serve as a base camp for trekkers and mountaineers intending to scale the mighty heights of Nanga Parbat.



Satpara Lake one of the largest fresh water lakes of the country. By and large, the lake offers ample opportunity for trout fishing, boating and rowing.


PTDC’s newly built Motel and furnished is ideally located overlooking at Satpara lake. The Motel is 9 kilometers from Skardu, capital city of Baltistan and takes about 20 minutes by Jeep. Another one hour drive by jeep will take you upto an altitude of 16000 feet on to the second largest plateau of the world popularly known as Deosai Plain.


Bagshar lake is an ideal tourist resort in the Samhani valley in Mirpur district. It is a 6 km long sheet of crystal clear water that soothes the senses of a traveller after a 60 km road journey from Gujrat via Bhimber on the old Mughal road to Kashmir. It was through this road that Mughal Emperors travelled to Kashmir.


Haliji Lake is the largest bird sanctuary near Karachi where every winter, thousand of migratory birds come from as far as Siberia. It is 82 kms. (54 miles) from Karachi and is a paradise for bird-watcher. Accommodation is available for overnight stay.



Kachura Lakes

Places of interest in and around Skardu include Shigar, Kherpachuo Fort, Satpara and Kachura Lakes, famous for deep blue waters and brown trout making them an anglers delight. Visit to Deosai plains is an experience of a lifetime.


Lal Sahanra National Park is 36 km east of Bahawalpur, an ideal place for recreation and research. A natural fresh water lake and thick green forest add beauty to the place.


Mohodand Lake A days’ excursion to the charming Ushu and Gabral valleys can be conveniently arranged. Visit to Mohodand Lake is a lifetime experience.

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